Many cases of infertility among women are caused by the low or lack of egg production. With the aid of modern reproductive science, it is not possible to treat this condition with female infertility drugs. There are certain medications that pump up the reproductive organs and boost them into producing eggs, thereby increasing patients’ chances of getting pregnant.
It is also worthy to note that recent studies have dispelled the myths about reproductive medications causing ovarian cancers. The truth, as the most recent studies now stand, is that these drugs even reduce the chances of developing cervical cancer. Some of the most common female fertility drugs are:
Clomiphene signals the production of FSH and LH in the body. These hormones stimulate the production of egg cells, and cue the ovaries into releasing one egg every month. These female fertility drugs are relatively cheap to buy, and comes with the least risk of having multiple births, compared to the rest of the available drugs.
Clomiphene is typically prescribed for women who have irregular menstruation. Of those who take this drug, it is said that 60 percent are able to have regular ovulation, 30 percent of whom conceive within the first three months. Minor side effects range from nausea to tenderness of the breast, to insomnia and headaches.
Bromocriptine is indicated for restraining the body from producing prolactin. If produced in excessive concentrations, prolactin causes women to stop ovulating altogether. Bromocriptine treatment has produced impressive results with 90 percent of patients. It is also relatively safe, with only minor side effects such as dizziness, headaches and nausea, and sometime low blood pressure.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropins (HMG)
Doctors often prescribe HMG as an advanced medication if all the other female fertility drugs do not prove successful. HMG is made of hormones drawn from the urinary discharge of women in their post-menopausal stage. As such, HMG is naturally formulated with high concentrations of LH and FSH.
It is indicated for women who are experiencing difficulties in producing eggs, as well as endometriosis, fertility problems resulting from cervical conditions, and those of unexplained causes. Doctors who prescribe HMG also require frequent and regular ultrasound to monitor the changes in the rate of egg production.
Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormones (LH-RH)
LH-RH are especially indicated for conditions characterized by inactivity of the pituitary and hypothalamus glands, as well as endometriosis in women. LH-RH is usually self-administered using a portably pump. It is also a relatively costly medications, which could potentially cause side effects such as higher risks for infection, blood clotting, and multiple births.
Human Chorionic Gonadoptropin (hCG)
Doctors typically recommend hCGs to be taken with HMGs, and clomiphene in some cases. This combination is usually effective in stimulating the ovaries to produce and release eggs. It is also indicated for the treatment of endometriosis.
The most effective brand of hCG claims to have been successful in treating 26 percent of all its cases during the clinical trials. But as with all drugs, there are potential side effects, which include enlargement of the ovaries, multiple births and ovarian cysts.
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